A Century of ‘Democide’

This is from the website of Rudy Rummel, an academic at the University of Hawaii looking into the murder of citizens by states in the 20th century:
and followed that up with a docudrama — what it was like to be a
native in Leopold’s Congo — to give heart and feeling to the cold
statistics. It is here (bottom of the page):
Note that democide is any murder by government, and includes genocide,
politicide, massacres, mass murder, extrajudicial executions,
assassinations, atrocities, and intentional famines.
To recap: my estimates for democide in the last century were for China:
From my book, China’s Bloody Century, Mao/CCP Democide
1928-1937 = 850k
1937-1945 = 250k
1945-1949 = 2,323k
1949-1953 (totalization) = 8,427k
1954-1958 (collectivization) = 7,474k
1959-1963 (Famine/retrenchment — famine itself not counted) = 10,729k
1964-1975 (Cultural Revolution) = 7,731k
1976-1987 (liberalization) = 874k
Total = 38,702k
Now, by virtue of my reevaluation of the 1958-1962 famine dead that I
had not counted in the above (unlike many experts who did include it in
PRC’s toll), I have to add 38,000k to the above, which brings the total
to a democide of 76,702,000.
As to colonial democide:
My prior calculation of colonial democide for European colonizers =
Estimate for democide in Leopold’s Congo Free State = 10,000k, which is
line with the estimates of others (listed in the my blog linked above)
Including the Congo, my new estimate for colonial democide is 50,000k
plus the original estimate of 870k
World democide, old total 1900-1999 = 174,000k
New World total = 174,000k + 38,000k (new for China) + 50,000 (new for
Colonies) = 262,000,000.
Just to give perspective on this absolutely incredible murder by
government, if all these bodies were laid head to toe, with the average
height being 5′, then they would circle the earth ten times. Also, this
democide murdered 6 times more people than died in combat in all the
foreign and internal wars of the century. Finally, given popular estimates of
the dead in a major nuclear war, this total democide is as though such
a war did occur, but with its dead spread over a century.
Rudy Rummel
Professor Emeritus of Political Science

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