THE SUBJECT is smallâ€šÃ„Ã®a word. Yet the subject contained within the subject is immeasurable: racism American-style. It isnâ€šÃ„Ã´t always a good idea to reduce vast social dimensions to a pithy cognomenâ€šÃ„Ã®all the great â€šÃ„Ãºismsâ€šÃ„Ã¹ are finally irreducibleâ€šÃ„Ã®but there are special cases, and when Jabari Asim asks us to examine American racism (particularly racism against black Americans) through the lens of a single word, itâ€šÃ„Ã´s remarkable how much history he squeezes into the text.
For truly the N word (as it has been known for several decades now) is the privileged American racial epithet. It sits at the heart of the American consciousness like the evil twin of â€šÃ„Ãºlibertyâ€šÃ„Ã¹ or â€šÃ„Ãºjustice.â€šÃ„Ã¹ Its familiarity has outlived that of other racial epithets once commonplace. It so sums up the essence of the racial stereotype that it can be used as a slur against any group being portrayed as lazy, shiftless, and stupidâ€šÃ„Ã®including, by the way, white Americans. â€šÃ„ÃºFor much of the history of our fair republic, the N word has been at the center of our most volatile exchanges [to the degree that] no discussion of American race relations can be complete without it,â€šÃ„Ã¹ writes Asim.
The N wordâ€šÃ„Ã´s story is tortuous, but not always predictable. Its first written usage on New World soil may have been in the diary of John Rolfe in 1619, noting the arrival of the first African slaves in British North America. â€šÃ„ÃºTwenty negars,â€šÃ„Ã¹ wrote Rolfe. Charting the 1700s, Asim pays special attention to Thomas Jeffersonâ€šÃ„Ã´s 1785 Notes from the State of Virginia, a text that, coming from a man of Jeffersonâ€šÃ„Ã´s renown, â€šÃ„Ãºestablished a model of rationalized racism.â€šÃ„Ã¹ The N word itself may not appear in the section in which Jefferson discourses on race, but the word has at its foundation an image, and Jeffersonâ€šÃ„Ã´s sexually tempestuous, uncreative, and genetically inferior American Negro â€šÃ„Ãºconveniently codified truths held to be self-evident by most white Americans at the end of the eighteenth century.â€šÃ„Ã¹ The (pseudo) scientific racism that marked the 1800sâ€šÃ„Ã®harebrained theories of human intelligence as determined by cranium dimensionsâ€šÃ„Ã®was occasionally dubbed by its practitioners â€šÃ„Ãºniggerology.â€šÃ„Ã¹
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Darryl Lorenzo Wellington – Dissent