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Yes, Africa Can (One.org)Video
Yes, Africa Can (One.org)
Columnist Biography: Bono
Times Topics: Bono | Ghana
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Soon, Air Force One will touch down in Accra, Ghana; Africans will be welcoming the first African-American president. Press coverage on the continent is placing equal weight on both sides of the hyphen.
And we thought it was big when President Kennedy visited Ireland in 1963. (It was big, though I was small. Where I come from, J.F.K. is remembered as a local boy made very, very good.)
But President Obamaâ€šÃ„Ã´s African-ness is only part (a thrilling part) of the story today. Cable news may think itâ€šÃ„Ã´s all about him â€šÃ„Ã® but my guess is that he doesnâ€šÃ„Ã´t. If he was in it for a sentimental journey heâ€šÃ„Ã´d have gone to Kenya, chased down some of those dreams from his father.
Heâ€šÃ„Ã´s made a different choice, and heâ€šÃ„Ã´s been quite straight about the reason. Despite Kenyaâ€šÃ„Ã´s unspeakable beauty and its recent victories against the anopheles mosquito, the countryâ€šÃ„Ã´s still-stinging corruption and political unrest confirms too many of the headlines we in the West read about Africa. Ghana confounds them.
Not defiantly or angrily, but in that cool, offhand Ghanaian way. This is a country whose music of choice is jazz; a country that long ago invented a genre called highlife that spread across Africa â€šÃ„Ã® and, more recently, hiplife, which is what happens when hip-hop meets reggaetâˆšâ‰¥n meets rhythm and blues meets Ghanaian melody, if youâ€šÃ„Ã´re keeping track (and you really should be). On a visit there, I met the minister for tourism and pitched the idea of marketing the country as the â€šÃ„Ãºbirthplace of cool.â€šÃ„Ã¹ (Just think, the music of Miles, the conversation of Kofi.) He demurred … too cool, I guess.
Quietly, modestly â€šÃ„Ã® but also heroically â€šÃ„Ã® Ghanaâ€šÃ„Ã´s going about the business of rebranding a continent. New face of America, meet the new face of Africa.
Ghana is well governed. After a close election, power changed hands peacefully. Civil society is becoming stronger. The countryâ€šÃ„Ã´s economy was growing at a good clip even before oil was found off the coast a few years ago. Though it has been a little battered by the global economic meltdown, Ghana appears to be weathering the storm. I donâ€šÃ„Ã´t normally give investment tips â€šÃ„Ã® sound the alarm at Times headquarters â€šÃ„Ã® but here is one: buy Ghanaian.
So itâ€šÃ„Ã´s not a coincidence that Ghanaâ€šÃ„Ã´s making steady progress toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Right now itâ€šÃ„Ã´s one of the few African nations that has a shot at getting there by 2015.
No oneâ€šÃ„Ã´s leaked me a copy of the presidentâ€šÃ„Ã´s speech in Ghana, but itâ€šÃ„Ã´s pretty clear heâ€šÃ„Ã´s going to focus not on the problems that afflict the continent but on the opportunities of an Africa on the rise. If thatâ€šÃ„Ã´s what he does, the biggest cheers will come from members of the growing African middle class, who are fed up with being patronized and hearing the song of their majestic continent in a minor key.
Iâ€šÃ„Ã´ve played that tune. Iâ€šÃ„Ã´ve talked of tragedy, of emergency. And it is an emergency when almost 2,000 children in Africa a day die of a mosquito bite; this kind of hemorrhaging of human capital is not something we can accept as normal.
But as the example of Ghana makes clear, thatâ€šÃ„Ã´s only one chord. Amid poverty and disease are opportunities for investment and growth â€šÃ„Ã® investment and growth that wonâ€šÃ„Ã´t eliminate overnight the need for assistance, much as we and Africans yearn for it to end, but that in time can build roads, schools and power grids and propel commerce to the point where aid is replaced by trade pacts, business deals and home-grown income.
President Obama can hasten that day. He knows change wonâ€šÃ„Ã´t come easily. Corruption stalks Africaâ€šÃ„Ã´s reformers. â€šÃ„ÃºIf you fight corruption, it fights you back,â€šÃ„Ã¹ a former Nigerian anti-corruption official has said.
From his bully pulpit, the president can take aim at the bullies. Without accountability â€šÃ„Ã® no opportunity. If thatâ€šÃ„Ã´s not a maxim, it ought to be. Itâ€šÃ„Ã´s a truism, anyway. The work of the American governmentâ€šÃ„Ã´s Millennium Challenge Corporation is founded on that principle, even if it doesnâ€šÃ„Ã´t put it that bluntly. United States aid dollars increasingly go to countries that use them and donâ€šÃ„Ã´t blow them. Ghana is one. Thereâ€šÃ„Ã´s a growing number of others.
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Bono – The New York Times
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