To understand the changing role of women in China, consider the runaway success of a novel titled Du Lalaâ€šÃ„Ã´s Rise. The story chronicles the adventures of the fictional Miss Du as she moves up the corporate ladder. The book spent 141 weeks on the Chinese bestseller list and spawned two sequels, one of this yearâ€šÃ„Ã´s top films at the box office, and an online drama series that has had more than 100 million page views since starting in mid-August. One fan, Liu Danhui, a 28-year-old with a marketing job at a foreign company, says she admires Duâ€šÃ„Ã´s persistence and believes that â€šÃ„Ãºthere will be more and more women like her in China in the future.â€šÃ„Ã¹ In fact, there are so many people like Liu that Du Lalaâ€šÃ„Ã´s Rise has left in its wake a thriving subgenre of Du-inspired literature portraying the aspirations and dilemmas of the countryâ€šÃ„Ã´s ambitious young urbanites.
Decades after Mao Zedong declared that â€šÃ„Ãºwomen hold up half the sky,â€šÃ„Ã¹ the success of Du Lala and her peers reflects a curious fact about women in China: they appear to be far more ambitious than their counterparts in the United States. According to a study completed earlier this year by the New Yorkâ€šÃ„Ã¬based Center for Work-Life Policy, just over one third of all college-educated American women describe themselves as very ambitious. In China that figure is closer to two thirds. Whatâ€šÃ„Ã´s more, over 75 percent of women in China aspire to hold a top corporate job, compared with just over half in the U.S., and 77 percent of Chinese women participate in the workforce, compared with 69 percent in the U.S.
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One reason for this is that China is changing at such a blistering speed that new opportunities are becoming available to skilled workers of both genders. Ripa Rashid, a senior vice president at the Center for Work-Life Policy, says the rapid growth â€šÃ„Ãºcreates this excitement,â€šÃ„Ã¹ and builds on a cultural and historical legacy in which Chinese women are not just encouraged to participate in the workforce, they are expected to. When the authors of the Work-Life study conducted focus groups, one of the things they frequently heard was that communism â€šÃ„Ãºalways emphasized that women can do whatever men can do.â€šÃ„Ã¹ Indeed, for decades in China, the communist government has provided equal access to education. â€šÃ„ÃºMaoâ€šÃ„Ã´s revolution inflicted enormous pain upon society,â€šÃ„Ã¹ says Isobel Coleman, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. â€šÃ„ÃºBut it did empower women.â€šÃ„Ã¹
One result has been a generation of women and girls who believe they belong among Chinaâ€šÃ„Ã´s power elite. In the U.S., that shift followed decades of pitched battles over equality and womenâ€šÃ„Ã´s rights. It was considered a big deal, for instance, when Madeleine Albright became the first female secretary of state in 1990s. Likewise, Nancy Pelosiâ€šÃ„Ã´s rise to become the speaker of the House was seen as monumental. In China, though, there are fewer institutional barriers for women trying to succeed professionally, says Judi Kilachand, an executive director at the Asia Society, which organized a conference on women in leadership in Hong Kong in June. Female leaders are therefore viewed as more common. One of the most familiar public figures responsible for the countryâ€šÃ„Ã´s economic openness is the now retired vice premier Wu Yi, who trained as a petroleum engineer before a career in government that included negotiating World Trade Organization admission for China. Today China has a greater percentage of women in its Parliamentâ€šÃ„Ã®21.3 percentâ€šÃ„Ã®than the U.S. does in Congress.
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R. M. Schneiderman and Alexandra A. Seno – Newsweek